Steven D'Aprano wrote: > On Fri, Jun 24, 2016 at 12:22:18AM -0400, Gene Heskett wrote: > >> But why should a powerdown as unceremonious as pulling the plug, have >> deleted /usr/bin/X? It doesn't grok at this site. > > File system corruption? > > What file system do you have? If it is something with a journal (ext4, > for example) I would be surprised. If it is something experimental or > less reliable (btfs, reiserfs?) then I wouldn't be surprised. > > All file systems can lose data if you interrupt them while updating the > file system, but some are more resiliant than others. I tend to prefer > the good old ext3 or ext4 standby over flashier, faster but less > resiliant newer file systems, and older, unjournaled file systems like > ext2. > > Have a look inside /lost+found (assuming /usr/bin is in the / partition) > and see if there's anything there. You may find all your X files, and > more, given generic names. Or you may find nothing at all. > > Or unsynced RAID cache - I had it once.